Martin, I'm very happy to see Wiki online again, and here's their ID
article. Nice one too.
The Wiki overview seems to imply the two real movements competing were (religious) Creationism
, stating that God created our world, versus Evolution Theory
, saying that random events and competition between lifeforms resulted in our known reality.
Intelligent Design is an American religious-political movement, born out of necessity after a 1987 Supreme Court ruling made Creationism unconstitutional for teaching in public schools. Why unconstitutional: teaching a creating God
in school is not allowed. So ID thinkers/authors simply removed the religious language (God, Bible, Genesis, Sin, Great Flood, Noah's Ark) from Creationism, replacing it with a theoretical Intelligent Design or Designer, and hoped to keep these teachings within US schools.
Actually, I don't have a problem with giving children both extensive religious (Creationism included!!) information, plus a solid understanding of Evolution.
But the problem with ID is that it is dishonest, religious belief MASQUERADING as science.